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White-nose syndrome

White-nose syndrome (WNS) has been associated with the deaths of between 5.7 million and 6.7 million bats across the Eastern USA (25 states) and Canada (five provinces), according to figures from the US Fish and Wildlife Service. In some hibernation sites, numbers have declined by 80-100% since 2006 when the condition was first identified.  WNS and bat hibernation area June 2014 (whitenosesymdrome.org)

Bats with WNS

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The video Battle For Bats: Surviving White Nose Syndrome shows what is being done in the United States to mitigate the effects of WNS on bat populations. 

White-nose syndrome in Europe

The fungus asociated with WNS, Pseudogymnoascus destructans (previously called Geomyces destructans), has also been identifed on a number of bats in Europe, including France, Germany, Switzerland, Hungary, the Czech Republic and Slovakia. However, unlike in the US, these findings have not been linked with mass mortalities.  

The situation in the UK

In July 2013 the fungus was first isolated from a bat in the UK and from several environmental samples. Like the rest of Europe, there have been no cases of WNS in the UK.  Frequently asked questions.

WNS guidelines for bat workers and bat carers are available.  

The positive cases have been found as a result of an on-going passive surveillance programme and an active surveillance pilot project. All positive samples are from sites in the South-East and East of England.

With the discovery of the fungus in the UK as well as in many European countries, the issue of WNS remains high on BCT's agenda. Our main priorities in the UK are to continue to raise awareness of WNS amongst bat workers and other cave users and ensure mechanisms are in place to identify and respond to suspect and positive cases quickly. The positive results combined with the absence of mass mortalities and other symptoms of WNS in the UK, indicate that the situation here is likely to be similar to that in most of the rest of Europe where the fungus is present. It is thought probable by researchers that European bats have a resistance to the fungus, possibly evolved over thousands of years of exposure. In North America Pseudogymnoascus destructans is a novel pathogen and so native species do not have the same resistance to the fungus.

BCT worked with other organisations and researchers from the US and Europe to draft a Eurobats resolution. This resolution gives the key areas in which action is needed and will urge countries across Europe to comply.  In particular the draft resolution recognises that action is needed:

  1. To prevent the North American strain from reaching European bat hibernacula,

  2. To monitor European hibernacula for the presence of fungi growing on bats,

  3. To refer any such fungi for appropriate mycological investigation,

  4. If bat deaths occur, to limit the spread of the fungus by human agency.

The draft resolution 6.7 Guidelines for the Prevention, Detection and Control of lethal fungal Infections in Bats can be viewed on the Eurobats website.

Other useful references

Find out more


WNS Guidance for Bat Carers (534 KB) - 17/12/13
Guidance on WNS and Pd in the UK and what to look out for with bats in care over the winter, and what to do if a suspect bat is found.

WNS Guidance for Bat Workers (713 KB) - 02/12/13
Guidance on WNS in the UK and what to look out for during hibernation checks and what to do if a suspect bat is found

Online white-nose syndrome report form

Hibernation surveys

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